Kate Chopin: A Re-Awakening Additional Resources
Primary sources used in the making of this documentary, as well as selected bibliographies and criticism.

Primary Sources

A. From the Missouri Historical Society
Kate Chopin Papers
Kate Chopin Account Ledger with Houghton Mifflin and Co, February 28, 1902
"Katie O'Flaherty, St. Louis. 1867" ( Commonplace Book,1867-1870)
"Impressions 1894" (May 4,1894-October 26, 1896)
"Leaves of Affection."
"Leilia. Polka for Piano." Undated. Published for the author by H. Rollman and Sons, St. Louis, 1888.
Correspondence
R.E. Lee Gibson to Mrs. Chopin, April 28, 1899.
ALS. Lewis B. Ely to Mrs. Chopin, April 28, 1899.
Lewis B. Ely to Ms. Chopin, May 13, 1899.
L. to "My Dear Little Katie", May 16, 1899.
Sue V. Moore (Publisher of St. Louis Life from 1890-1896) to K.Chopin, (on response to The Awakening).
Letter fragment regarding The Awakening.
Essays
"Crumbling Idols by Hamlin Garland" in Life, October 6, 1894.
"The Real Edwin Booth." Undated. in St. Louis Life, October 13, 1894.
"Emile Zola's Lourdes" in St. Louis Life, November 17, 1894.
"The Western Association of Writers" in Critic, July 7, 1894.
Logbooks
Wednesday Club of St. Louis Reciprocity Day, "An Afternoon with St.Louis Authors," Wednesday, November 29, 1899.
St. Louis Society Scrapbook, 1889-1906, p. 100.

B. From the Cammie Henry Research Center, Watson Library, Northwestern State University of Louisiana:
Benoist, Clemence, " My Native Town," a handwritten essay about Cloutierville when she was a student at Grand Coteau (Sacred Heart Academy in Louisiana).
Melrose Collection
Arthur Babb Sketchbook (material on Brazeales)
Death notices of Mrs. Marie Chopin Breazeale
Mildred McCoy Collection
Various materials on Kate Chopin, Oscar Chopin, Bayou Folk Museum, letters and some photographs
Box 5 holds Oscar Chopin papers
  • (Leases, Sales, Tax papers, Mortgage Papers from Citizens' Bank of Louisiana)
  • Court Case involving Oscar Chopin, Executor, Vs the U.S., No 592, French and American Claims Commission.
  • "Sucession Oscar Chopin, Dec'd"
Review of At Fault in The Enterprise in Natchitoches, December, 1890.
Correspondence
Kate Chopin to the Editor of The Enterprise, in response to the review of At Fault, December 9, 1890.
Fragment of a handwritten letter describing racial violence in Natchitoches Parish in 1876, author unknown.

C. From the Library of Congress
19th century Guides to St. Louis
The St. Louis Guide, St. Louis: F.W. Benton and Company, 1888.
Strangers' Guide to the City of St. Louis, St. Louis: T.K.Sage and Co.

D. From Oakland, Afton Historical Society
Correspondence, James Murrin to J.H. Tighe Jan 7, 1868. (Alludes to Mrs. Thomas O'Flaherty, Jennie and Katie O'Flaherty)

Stories and Poems (Handwritten or Original Publication)
"A Little Free Mulatto"
"Alone"
"An Embarrassing Position" One act Comedy by Kate Chopin. Printed
"A Scrap and A Sketch", Retitled by hand as "The Night Came Slowly"
"The Christ Light" Original issue of Syndicated American Press Association story retitled "The Going a...of Liza..."
"The Dream of an Hour" (Vogue, December 6, 1894)
"Reve D'une Heure" (Translation of "The Dream of an Hour")
"Emancipation. A Life Fable." Undated; late 1869 or early 1870.
"The Maid of Saint Phillippe"
"The Storm: A Sequel to the 'Cadian Ball." July 19, 1898.
"Two Portraits"
At Fault (Novel) July 5, 1889-April 20, 1890. Published for the author by Nixon Jones Printing Co., St. Louis, Sept., 1890.
A Night in Acadie (Collected short stories) Chicago: Way and Williams, 1897.
Bayou Folk (Collected short stories). Boston: Hougton Mifflin and Co, 1894.
The Awakening, (June (?)1897-Jan 21, 1898. Chicago and New York: Herbert S. Stone and Co, 1899.

Newspaper Articles
"A St. Louis Woman Who Has Won Fame In Literature," in St. Louis Post Dispatch, Magazine Section, Sunday, November 26, 1899.
Bassford, Homer, "Louis A. Benoist Quieted Bank Run Here Century Ago by Paying in Full All Who Asked Cash," in St. Louis Star and Times, May 30, 1933. (From Oakland Papers, Afton Historical Society.)
"Dr. William Taussig tells of the Gasconade Disaster," St. Louis Republic, November 1, 1905.
"The Gasconade," A poem in The Leader, Literary Department, November 17, 1855
"O'Flaherty's Fatal Ride" The St. Louis Daily Times, Monday December 29, 1873 (contemporary account of the death of Kate Chopin's brother, Thomas O'Flaherty).
Newsclippings re Death of Thomas O'Flaherty. November 10, 1855, with Ms fragment and photograph of Kitty Garesche (1870) on verso.
"Open to Hermann," in The Leader, Saturday, December 22, 1855. p. 7 (small article on the aftermath of the wreck of the Gasconade bridge).
"Recalls the Noted Gasconade Horror," Globe Democrat, November 2, 1913 (Missouri Historical Society Vertical File).
"Seventeen Persons Killed!!! Great Numbers Wounded" The Leader, Saturday, November 3, 1855.
Weil, Tom, "Historic Central Louisiana Haunted by Romantic Past," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Februrary 26, 1989, 3T.
Wilensky, Harry, "Her Masterwork was Taboo," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Wednesday, April 24, 1974, p. 3F.
"Wreck Survivor Writes about Gasconade Crash" (Joseph T. Keyte); appeared in the Republican (?), Nov 10-13m 1913 (Missouri Historical Society Vertical File).
Viets, Elaine, "Author's House Still Has Spirit," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 7, 1985, F1.
Wolfe, Linda, "There's Someone You Should Know: Kate Chopin," The New York Times, September 22, 1972.

More Recent Publications of Kate Chopin Works
The Awakening, New York: Avon Books, 1972.
The Awakening and Selected Stories, edited with an introduction by Nina Baym, New York: The Modern Library, 1993.
A Matter of Prejudice and Other Stories, New York: Bantam Books, 1992.
A Vocation and A Voice, Penguin Books, 1991.
Complete Works of Kate Chopin, edited and with an introduction by Per Seyersted; Foreword by Edmund Wilson, Volumes I and II, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1969.
Per Seyersted and Emily Toth, eds., A Kate Chopin Miscellany, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget and Natchitoches: Northwestern State University Press, 1979.
Forkner, Ben, ed., Louisiana Stories, Gretna, La: Pelican Publishing Co, 1990.

Secondary Sources

Selected Bibliographies
Bonner, Thomas, Jr. "Kate Chopin: An Annotated Bibliography," Bulletin of Bibliography, 32 (July-September, 1975) pp101-105.
Toth, Emily, "Bibliography of Writings on Kate Chopin." In A Kate Chopin Miscellany, ed. by Per Seyersted and Emily Toth., pp212-61.
"Kate Chopin, A Woman of Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow," A project of the Watson Library, Northwestern State University, Rapides Parish Library and the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Selected Criticism
Arnavon, Cyrille, "Les Debuts du Roman Realiste Americain et L'Influence Francaise." in Cahiers des Langues Modernes, I Paris, Didier (1946).
Bender, Bert, "The Teeth of Desire: The Awakening and The Descent of Man," in American Literature, Vol. 63, No. 3, Sept., 1991, pp. 459-473.
Berry, Wendell, "Writer and Region," in What are People For? Essays. San Francisco: Northpoint Press, 1990, pp. 71-87.
Bloom, Harold, Ed., Kate Chopin, Modern Critical Views. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1987.
Blumenthal, "Literature" Chapt. VI in American and French Culture, 1800-1900, pp. 174-232.
Bonner, Jr., Thomas. "Bayou Folk: An Evaluation": a paper contributed to the Kate Chopin Seminar at the 1974 MLA Conference.
__________, "Kate Chopin's At Fault and the Awakening: A Study in Structure." Markham Review, 7 (Fall, 1977), pp.10-15.
__________, "Kate Chopin's European Consciousness." American Literary Realism, 1870-1910, Vol. 8, 1975, pp. 281-84.
__________, The Kate Chopin Companion, with Chopin's translations from French fiction. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988.
Boren, Lynda S. and Sara de Saussure Davis, Eds., Kate Chopin Reconsidered, Beyond the Bayou. Baton Rouge and London: Louisiana State University Press, 1992.
Bush, Robert, Louisiana Prose Fiction, 1870-1900 (Dissertation). State University of Iowa, 1957.
Cott, Nancy F., The Grounding of Modern Feminism. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1987.
Eble, Kenneth, "A Forgotten Novel: Kate Chopin's The Awakening," in Western Humanities Review, X (Summer, 1956), pp. 261-269.
Dyer, Joyce, "Gouvernail, Kate Chopin's Sensitive Bachelor," in Southern Literary Journal, 14 (Fall, 1981), pp. 46-55.
__________, "Symbolic Setting in Kate Chopin's `A Shameful Affair'." in Southern Studies, Vol. XX, No. 4, 1981, pp. 447-452.
Ewell, Barbara, Kate Chopin. New York: The Ungar Publishing Company, 1986.
__________, "Making Places: Kate Chopin and the Art of Fiction." (Unpublished Paper).
Judith Fetterley, "Introduction" in Provisions, A Reader from 19th Century Women, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985. pp. 1-40.
Judith Fetterley and Marjorie Pryse, "Kate Chopin," in American Women Regionalists, 1850-1910 (Norton, 1992) pp. 408-412.
Fletcher, Marie, "The Southern Woman in the Fiction of Kate Chopin," Louisiana History, 7 (1966): pp. 117-132.
Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth, "Between Individualism and Fragmentation: American Culture and the New Literary Studies of Race and Gender," in American Quarterly, Vol. 42, No. 1 (March, 1990), pp. 7-29.
__________, "The Fettered Mind: Time, Place, and the Literary Imagination of the Old South" in The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Vol. LXXIV, No. 4, Winter, 1990, pp. 622-650. (Review Essay of Louis Rubin's The Edge of the Swamp.)
__________, Within the Plantation Household: Black and White Women of the Old South. University of North Carolina Press, 1988.
Gardiner, Elaine. "Ripe Figs: Kate Chopin in Miniature." Modern Fiction Studies, 28, Autumn, 1982, pp. 379-82.
Garietta, Anthony Paul, The Critical Reputation of Kate Chopin., Greensboro: University of North Carolina, 1978.
Gebhard, Caroline, "The Spinster in the House of American Criticism" in Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, Vol. 10, No. 1, Spring 1991, pp. 79-91.
Gilbert, Sandra M. and Susan Gubar, Eds., Norton's Anthology of Literature by Women. New York, 1985.
Howell, Elmo, "Kate Chopin and the Creole Country," in Louisiana History, 20 (Spring, 1979), pp. 202-219.
__________, "Kate Chopin and the Pull of Faith: A Note on Lilacs," in Southern Studies, 18, (Spring, 1979), pp. 103-109.
Jasenas, Elaine, "The French Influence in Kate Chopin's The Awakening" in Nineteenth Century French Studies, 4(1976): pp. 312-22.
Jones, Anne Goodwyn, Tomorrow is Another Day: The Woman Writer in the South, 1859-1936. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 1981.
Jones, Howard Mumford, "America and French Culture, 1750-1848" in Milestones in American Literary History, edited by Robert E. Spiller.
Kate Chopin Newsletters
Vol. 1, No. 12, Spring, 1875.
Vol. I, No. 3, Winter, 1975-1976.
Vol. II, No. 2, Fall, 1976.
Vol. II, No. 3, Winter 1976-1977.
Kazin, Alfred. A Writer's America, Landscape in Literature, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1988.
__________, On Native Grounds, Cornwall. NY: Cornwall Press, 1942.
Kearns, Katherine, "The Nullification of Edna Pontellier" in American Literature, Vol. 63, No. 1, March 1991, pp. 62-88.
Koloski, Bernard, Ed., Approaches to Teaching Chopin's The Awakening. New York: MLA, 1988.
__________, "The Structure of At Fault"
Kraditor, Aileen S., The Ideas of the Woman Suffrage Movement, 1890-1920. New York: Columbia University Press, 1965.
Lally, Joan Marie. "Kate Chopin: Four Studies" (PhD Dissertation, University of Utah), MLA. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1973.
Lewis, R.W.B., The American Adam, 1955.
__________, Trials of the Word.
__________, Cleanth Brooks and Robert Penn Warren, eds., American Literature: The Makers and the Making. 1973.
Lohafer, Susan, "The Classics" in Coming to Terms with the Short Story, Chapt. 6, pp.103-133.
__________, "Preclosure and Story Processing," in Short Story Theory at a Crossroads by Susan Lohafer and Jo Ellyn Clarey, pp. 249-273.
Martin, Wendy, Ed., New Essays on The Awakening,part of The American Novel Series. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
Mills, Elizabeth Shown, Chauvin Dit Charleville: Mississippi State University Press, 1976.
Oates, Joyce Carol, ed., The Oxford Book of American Short Stories: Oxford and New York, Oxford University Press, 1992.
O'Brien, Sharon, "The Lineaments of Antebellum Southern Romanticism," in Rethinking the South, Essays in Intellectual History, pp. 38-56.
__________, "Sentiment, Local Color, and the New Woman Writer: Kate Chopin and Willa Cather," in Kate Chopin Newsletter, 2, (Winter, 1976-1977), pp.16-24.
O' Connor, Flannery, "The Regional Writer," in Mystery and Manners, pp. 51-59.
Papke, Mary E., Verging on the Abyss, The Social Fiction of Kate Chopin and Edith Wharton. New York: Greenwood Press.
Pattee, Frederick Lewis, A History of American Literature Since 1870.
__________ "The Feminine Novel," in The New American Literature, 1890-1930.
Perspectives on Kate Chopin: Proceedings of the Kate Chopin International Conference. Northwestern State University, Natchitoches, Louisiana, April 6-8, 1989.
Portales, Marco, "The Characterization of Edna Pontellier and the Conclusion of Kate Chopin's The Awakening," in Southern Studies, Vol. XX, No. 4, 1981, pp. 427-436.
Potter, Richard, "Negroes in the Fiction of Kate Chopin," in Louisiana History, 12 (Winter, 1971), pp. 41-58.
Prenshaw, Peggy Whitman, "Southern Ladies and the Southern Literary Renaissance," in The Female Tradition in Southern Literature, ed. Carol Manning, University of Illinois Press, 1992.
Rogers, Nancy, "Echoes of George Sand in Kate Chopin, Litterature Comparee," No. 1, 1983, pp. 225-228.
Rosowski, Susan J., "The Awakening as a Prototype of the Novel of Awakening, in Women's Experience," pp. 26-33.
Rowe, Anne E., "Kate Chopin" in Fifty Southern Writers before 1900, pp.133-143.
Scott, Anne Firor, The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics, 1830-1930. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.
Seyersted, Per, Kate Chopin. A Critical Biography, Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1969.
__________ and Emily Toth, eds., A Kate Chopin Miscellany, Natchitoches: Northwestern State University Press, 1979.
__________ "Kate Chopin" in American Literary Realism, 1870-1910, Vol. 3, No. 2, Spring 1970. Dept. of English, The University of Texas at Arlington.
Showalter, Elaine, ed., The New Feminist Criticism: Essays on Women, Literature and Theory. New York: Pantheon, 1985.
__________, Sister's Choice, Tradition and Change in American Women's Writing. The Clarendon Lectures, 1989. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991.
__________, "Tradition and the Female Talent: The Awakening as a Solitary Book," in New Essays on the Awakening, pp. 33-55.
Sims, Barbara, "Emersonian Idealism and Kate Chopin's The Awakening" (Unpublished paper).
Skaggs, Peggy, Kate Chopin. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1985.
Sloane, David E. "Kate Chopin's European Consciousness" in American Literary Realism, 1870-1910, Vol. 8, No. 3, Summer, 1975. Seminar Moderator, MLA Conference on American Literary Realism, 1975.
Stayley, Laura, "Suffrage Movement in St. Louis during the 1870s," in Gateway Heritage, Vol. 3, No. 4, Spring, 1983, pp. 34-41.
Stepenoff, Bonnie, "Kate Chopin in `Out-At-The-Elbows' St Louis" in Gateway Heritage, Summer, 1990, pp. 62-67.
Stevens, Walter B. "Conde Louis Benoist" (in which Louis A. Benoist is also portrayed); "Eugene Hunt Benoist;" "Howard Benoist;" and "Lee Benoist." Brief biographical sketches in St.Louis: History of the Fourth City, 1763-1909. Chicago and St. Louis: The S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1909, pp. 86, 89, 400, 872-874.
Taylor, Helen, Gender, Race and Region in the Writings of Grace King, Elizabeth McEnery Stuart, and Kate Chopin.
Toth, Emily, Kate Chopin. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990.
__________, "Kate Chopin's North Louisiana Awakening," in Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities, Winter, 1993, pp.12-18.
__________, "Kate Chopin and Literary Convention: 'Desiree's Baby'" in Southern Studies, Vol. XX, No. 2, 1981, pp. 201-208.
__________, "Kate Chopin on Divine Love and Suicide: Two Rediscovered Articles," in American Literature, Vol. 63, No. 1, March 1991, pp.114-121.
__________, "The Independent Woman and Free Love." Massachusetts Review, 16 (Autumn 1975), pp. 647-664.
__________, "St Louis and the Fiction of Kate Chopin," in Missouri Historical Society, 32 (October, 1975) pp. 33-50.
Turnell, Martin, "Maupassant," in The Art of French Fiction. New York, New Directions, 1959, pp. 93-97.
Turner, Frederick, Spirit of Place: The Making of an American Literary Landscape. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1989.
Wilson, Edmund, Patriotic Gore.
__________, ed., The Shock of Recognition. New York, N.Y.: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy, 1967.
Walker, Nancy, "Feminist or Naturalist: The Social Context of Kate Chopin's The Awakening," in Southern Quarterly, 17 (1979), pp. 95-103.
Wolff, Cynthia G., "Kate Chopin and the Fiction of Limits: 'Desiree's Baby'" in Southern Literary Journal, 10, Spring, 1978, pp.123-33
Wood, Ann Douglas, "The Literature of Impoverishment: Women Local Colorists in America 1865-1914" in Women's Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1972.
Zabel, Morton Dauwen, Literary Opinion in America. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1937.
Ziff, Larzer, The American 1890s: Life and Times of a Lost Generation. New York: Viking, 1966.

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